In what ways do multiple perspectives on terrorism create ethical conflicts between countries?
Language of the Discipline
There are multiple types of terrorism. There are five in particular which express the following:
The examples are the following:
Conflicts are composed of opposing forces
Apart from multiple perspectives, a contribution to it is ethics. Ethics and multiple perspectives seem similar in these instances but they’re not. Terrorism has been portrayed inaccurately over the time by media, societies, and people around the world. Therefore, this causes opposing forces between the two particular peoples. There is no willing answer for who to really blame on terrorism because of all the coverage. Here are some examples:
Terrorism may allow for synthesis and change
The multiple perspectives which contribute to ethical conflicts later create multiple impacts on terrorist issues. The reasons for this are:
Terrorism may be natural or man-made
Terrorism is natural and man-made, however, in these cases, terrorism is only man-made because the conflicts created are by a people, society, etc. Terrorism is usually caused because of religious acts, political reasons, or ideological actions. It is not only for beliefs, also because some have suffered a tragedy and/or wants to avenge whoever they lost. According to Richard A.Couto (2010) “The decisive distinction between them is consideration of consequences of action. The ethic of ultimate ends focuses on intention while the ethic of responsibility focuses on the foreseeable consequences of one’s actions. “The believer in an ethic of ultimate ends feels “responsible” only for seeing to it that the flame of pure intentions is not squelched; for example, the flame of protesting against the injustice of the social order” (p. 13). This here proves terrorism may be man-made.
Terrorism may be intentional or unintentional
Terrorist may not want to go and kill people, but their religion might make them.
Richard A.Couto (2010) “Weber spends considerable space outlining the preeminent qualities of a leader with avocation for politics, that is someone who seeks power as a means to serve other ends and not merely self-gratification—passion, a feeling of responsibility, and a sense of proportion. These qualities, like all human qualities, are held together in paradoxical if not contradictory fashion.” Another piece of evidence comes from Tim Krieger who quoted (2009) “Apart from economics and politics, there may also be an independent effect of demographic and cultural factors on transnational terrorist attack patterns. These factors are linked to hypotheses that link terrorism to identity conflict and strain that accompany modernization processes.” (pg.12)
Terrorism is progressive
Terrorism has never been the same. First it started with invasions. There is still invasion happening right now, like in Afghanistan. However, the terrorist acts are getting are more serious from time to time. According to Lawyer LeVine(2001) “The first recorded use of "terrorism" and "terrorist" was in 1795, relating to the Reign of Terror instituted by the French government. The use of "terrorist" to signify anti-government activities was recorded in 1866 referring to Ireland, and in 1883 referring to Russia.” Many innovations have struck into the terrorist mind. For example in Afghanistan drones are used for dropping bombs on the enemy. It does not only innovate physically, but mentally too. According to Dr.James Hess, “One thing that is common through these waves is how ideology influences organizations. Ideology determines the target, (i.e. assassinations of national leaders during the Anarchist Wave, or the twin towers during 9/11).Rapoport’s wave theory to describe how ideology has evolved is relevant in our understanding of modern terrorism, which is supported by both Crenshaw’s violent resistance and Reich’s expression of political strategy.”
Driving Question: In what ways do multiple perspectives on terrorism create ethical conflicts between countries?
Names of student researchers: Cristian Victor, Adrian Carrillo
Grade level: 8
Mentor teacher: Park, Torres, Garrett
Special notes about handling and or placement or presentation space needed:
The placements on presentation space might be quite broad rather than tight. However, we will try to use as much space as possible.